Varicose veins are puffed up and inflamed veins that can be seen on the legs and feet. They usually appear blue or dark purple and are generally enlarged and twisted in appearance. Around 25 percent of adults have varicose veins, which are also referred to as varicose. Any superficial vein can become a varicose vein. The areas that are most commonly affected are the legs. One of the major reasons for the occurrence of varicose veins is legs and appendages. These are the portions that are subjected to more pressure in the human body when the individual stand in the upright position or walk.
Although in many cases, varicose becomes a part of the cosmetic concern, however, there are certain cases in which these veins turn as a most concerning factor causing severe pain and inflammations that requires immediate attention. Simple problems of varicose veins can be treated at home; however severe cases requires medical attention either to close or remove these spider veins.
All you need to know about Varicose Veins
There are three types of blood vessels namely the arteries, veins, and capillaries. The primary function of the arteries is to transport oxygenated blood from the heart and carry it to all parts of the body. At the same time, the blood in arteries transports oxygen and other nutrients to varied parts of the human system whereas the veins carry deoxygenated blood from the organs and tissues back to the heart.
The task of the vein compared to the artery is pretty heavy because it has to do against the pull of gravity. So it requires to be more flexible to contract and relax, however, due to repeated function frequently, the valves become weak and begin to malfunction. This disrupts the blood movement, so instead of flowing smoothly in one directly, it starts accumulating here and thus resulting in bulging and enlargement of veins. These enlarged veins are called spider veins or varicose veins.
Causes of Varicose Veins
As we age, many of us find the spikey purple lines or enlarged bluish threads scattered across the thighs and calves. Varicose veins deficiency occurs when valves in the veins become damaged or weak, causing blood to accumulate in legs and feet instead of traveling back up to the heart. Some of the factors that increase the risk of varicose veins are
- Age factor – Although varicose veins can happen to anyone, the risk factors are much higher as you age. Generally aging causes wear and tear of the muscles and your internal arteries and veins start to malfunction( irregular blood circulation) where the blood doesn’t recirculate and instead pool in one place.
- Risk factors for women are higher – Women have higher risks of developing varicose veins. Female hormones tend to relax and expand during pregnancy, menstruation, and menopause. One of the major reason for the cause of varicose vein in women is because of the usage of birth control pills.
To Sum it up
Some of the other reasons for varicose veins are heredity, obesity, side effects of pregnancy and standing for a longer period of time. There is no way to prevent varicose veins; however it can be controlled with regular exercising, avoid sitting or standing in one position and few others.